sexta-feira, 24 de setembro de 2010

Science Commons

O artigo Correção de rota, no site do Instituto Ciência Hoje, fala sobre o Science Commons:
“Ganha força na internet o projeto colaborativo Science Commons, que propõe um novo modelo de compartilhamento de dados científicos, com outra lógica e uma licença autoral alternativa.
É uma realidade paradoxal: os resultados dos estudos científicos – financiados na maior parte por recursos públicos em países como o Brasil – acabam publicados em revistas caras e de acesso restrito. O contribuinte, que financiou as pesquisas, nem sempre tem como fiscalizar como seus impostos estão sendo aproveitados.
"A ironia é que a ciência real é baseada em um certo tipo de compartilhamento. Mas nós tratamos os artigos como o objetivo final da pesquisa, não como insumo para outras pesquisas", diz o filósofo norte-americano John Wilbanks, uma das cabeças por trás do Science Commons, projeto criado em 2005 que visa, justamente, incentivar a livre troca de conhecimento científico.”
O vídeo abaixo é uma forma fácil de saber sobre o projeto.

O site do Commons tem bastante material informativo sobre:
Veja a descrição geral (about):
There are petabytes of research data being produced in laboratories around the world, but the best web search tools available can’t help us make sense of it. Why? Because more stands between basic research and meaningful discovery than the problem of search.
Many scientists today work in relative isolation, left to follow blind alleys and duplicate existing research. Data are fragmented — trapped behind firewalls, locked up by contracts or lost in databases that can’t be accessed or integrated. Materials are hard to get — universities are overwhelmed with transfer requests that ought to be routine, while grant cycles pass and windows of opportunity close. It’s not uncommon for research sponsors to invest hundreds of millions of dollars in critically important efforts like drug discovery, only to see them fail.
The consequences in many cases are no less than tragic. The time it takes to go from identifying a gene to developing a drug currently stands at 17 years — forever, for people suffering from disease.
Science Commons has three interlocking initiatives designed to accelerate the research cycle — the continuous production and reuse of knowledge that is at the heart of the scientific method. Together, they form the building blocks of a new collaborative infrastructure to make scientific discovery easier by design.
Making scientific research “re-useful” — We help people and organizations open and mark their research and data for reuse. We are also exploring new models for licensing patents and know how. Learn more.
Enabling “one-click” access to research materials — We help streamline the materials-transfer process so researchers can easily replicate, verify and extend research. Learn more.
Integrating fragmented information sources — We help researchers find, analyze and use data from disparate sources by marking and integrating the information with a common, computer-readable language. Learn more.
Science Commons in action
We implement three of these elements in the NeuroCommons, our “proof-of-concept” project within the field of neuroscience. The NeuroCommons is a beta open source knowledge management system for biomedical research that anyone can use, and anyone can build on.

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